Importance Of Leadership and its Different Styles



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yashvisingh1999

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Leadership refers to the quality of leading people. It is one of the most important aspects of life. Leadership has led to the progress of human civilization. Without good leadership, no organization or group can succeed. Furthermore, not everyone has this quality. Leadership is a process by which an executive can direct, guide and influence the behavior and work for accomplishment of specific goals in a situation. Leadership is about articulating visions, embodying values, and creating the environment within which things can be accomplished. Leadership is the ability of an individual to influence, motivate, and enable others to contribute toward the effectiveness and success of the organization.

 


WHY IS LEADERSHIP NEEDED?

Ø  Influence behavior of team members: Group members with leaders in a positive mood experience more positive mood than do group members with leaders in a negative mood. Public expressions of mood impact how group members think and act.

Ø  Helps employees in fulfilling their needs: A leader establishes a personal relationship with his subordinates and tries to meet their requirements. Employees willingly accept a leader because a leader takes care of their needs. Consequently, they work with complete dedication and enthusiasm.

Ø  Introducing required changes: The business environment is changing at a quick pace, so in order to face the changing environment; many alterations have to be introduced in the organization. Since the people already happen to be under the influence of the leader, he can easily make them agree to implement these changes. In this way, the possible resistance to the change is eliminated with the strength of leadership ability.

Ø  Solving conflicts effectively: A leader can effectively solve every type of conflict be it employee vs. employee or employees’ vs. employer, under the weight of his influence. A leader allows their followers the liberty to express their views. That is the reason that one easily understands the reality of the conflict, in this way, by understanding the nature of the conflict a leader tries to provide a timely solution and minimizes the possibility of adverse results.

Ø  Training and Development of Subordinates: A leader helps in the training and development of the employees. He makes them aware of the modern techniques of work. In addition,  he makes it possible for them to be good leaders in future.

Ø  Setting a clear vision: This means influencing employees to understand and accept the future state of the organization. A good leader will influence his followers to perform their duties by explaining the vision and the importance of their role in the outcome.

Ø  Motivating and guiding employees: This involves finding out the needs of the employees and fulfilling them. It is important to define the employees’ role in the work process and provide them with the tools needed. A good leader will explain the task and be available to assist them if they run into a problem.

Ø  Building morale: This involves pulling everyone together towards a comment goal. A good leader will let the employees’ know how much their work is appreciated. A simple gesture like providing praise for a task well done, or throwing a party to recognize small achievements, will regenerate their spirits.

 

LEADERSHIP STYLES

 

 

Directive Leadership

It is one of the leadership behaviors that sets clearly defined objectives and rules for team members. Under directive leadership, managers must guide employees' work goals and establish the path by which they can achieve those goals. Directive leaders may provide guidance and coaching, clarify an employee's roles and responsibilities, remove any obstacles that prevent completion of tasks and give awards when appropriate.

Democratic Leadership 

Democratic leadership is a type of leadership style in which members of the group take a more participative role in the decision-making process. This type of leadership can apply to any organization, everyone is given the opportunity to participate, ideas are exchanged freely, and discussion is encouraged. While the democratic process tends to focus on group equality and the free flow of ideas, the leader of the group is still there to offer guidance and control.

Delegative Leadership

This approach allows the recipient to formulate their own solutions and actions as a result of skilled listening and questioning from the mentor or coach. A non-directive leader refuses to make decisions for others, uses silence until someone in the group speak out, gives non-verbal support to others who show positive leadership, and gradually fades out of a group when others in the group show ability and a willingness to take over.

 

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