4 Major Environmental Issues



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garimamanchanda99

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Our environment is constantly changing. There is no denying that fact. However, as our environment changes, so does the need to become increasingly aware of the problem that surround it. 

The list of issues surrounding our environment go on , but there are 4 major ones that affect the majority of them overall:


1. Biodiversity

 Biodiversity is the most complex and vital feature of our planet. It is essentially every living thing and ecosystem that  makes up the environment. Billions of species have gone extinct all over the world.

 Causes:

# Climate change

# Deforestation

# Overexploitation

# Invasive species 

# Pollution

What can we do :

# Encourage and support local government initiatives that protect habitat and decrease threats to biodiversity.

# Use environmentally friendly products.

# Recycle, reuse and reduce. Recycling decreases pollution by decreasing energy, electricity, and water consumption and the need for landfills.



2. Water

Water pollution is very important issue for us and also for our environment. Water pollution is very dangerous for both humans and aquatic animals. 

Causes:

# Sewage and waste water 

# Dumping 

# Industrial waste 

# Acid rain 

# Global warming

What can we do

# DO NOT dispose of household chemicals or cleaning agents down the sink or toilet.

# DO NOT flush pills, liquid or powder medications or drugs down the toilet.

# Avoid using a garbage disposal. Keep solid wastes solid. Make a compost pile from vegetable scraps.



3. Deforestation:

Deforestation has been negatively affecting biodiversity and natural ecosystem. Deforestation has always been the threat to our environment. Still people are cutting trees continuously. 

Causes:

# Mining

# Paper 

# Overpopulation

# Agriculture expansion

# Climate change 

What can we do: 

# By educating your friends, family, and community of the facts, by cause and effect you’ll increase awareness and make an impact.

# We can plant trees as a source of wood or use wood from second-growth forests.

# Opt for recycled paper products, including printing paper, notebooks, napkins, toilet paper, etc.



4.  Pollution:

Pollution is one of the primary causes of many of the other environmental concerns. It include 

Air, water , soil , noise, radioactive , light and thermal . 

Causes:

# Burning of fossil fuels

# Industrial emission

# Indoor air pollution 

# Transportation

# Use of chemical products

What can we do

# Avoid burning leaves, trash, and other materials.

# Reduce the number of trips you take in your car. 

# Consider purchasing an electric or hybrid car for your next vehicle.


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