Types of Saree in india



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Types of Sarees In India

Saree is a beautiful way of proudly displaying how a woman is, unless having to say it externally. Every Indian girl/woman looks good in it, no matter what a skin tone, shape ,size or budget she has. Saree is the most comfortable outfit to wear other than all western fashionable dresses as per an Indian woman/girl’s mind. Wearing a saree has no such limitations now a days. Saree can make you both bold or ethinic. You can flaunt yourself in saree too without any hustle of any footwear or right drapping.

Our country is one of the richest when it comes to cultures and traditions.But in every region or state we have some spectacular different things to offer- May be south or north we have different cuisines, different outfits,etc. Saree is the main variety cloth of every state in India because it completes the elegance of our celebrations and binds us together in unity of cultural optimisations. Our love for saree makes it more valuable than a mere piece of cloth being drapped around the waist, they connect us emotionally because we inherit the beauty of saree from our mothers.

The versatility of saree is India is very vast with different types and with different features as Saree is the best gift of pure hindu tradition.Saree conserves and nurtures our hindu culture with all its varieties across the whole India.

Varieties of saree in different regions:-

-        Taant from West Bengal

-        Kasavu from Kerala

-        Kanjeevaram from Tamil Nadu

-        Bomkai from Odisha

-        Sambalpuri from Odisha

-        Paithani from Maharashtra

-        Bandhani from Gujarat

-        Muga from Assam 

-        Banarasi from Varanasi

-        Pochampally from Telangana

-        Chanderi from Madhya Pradesh

-        Konrad from Tamil Nadu

-        Leheriya from Rajasthan

-        Phulkari from Punjab

-        Chikankari from Lucknow

 

 

1.   Taant for West Bengal:-

The term “tant” refers to the handlooms in Bengal that are used to weave cotton sarees along with dhotis and other garments. It’s a traditional saree from the land of Bengal, it's made of cotton and is the preferred daily wear outfit of many in Bengal. Tant sarees are among the most popular sarees worn by womens of Bangladesh and West Bengal. Tant sarees are characterized by a thick border, a decorative pallav and are woven with a variety of floral, paisley and other artistic motifs.

                                                 

2.   Kasavu from Kerala:-

The term kasavu refers to the zari (gold thread) used in the border of the Kerala saree. When the kasavu gets added to a mundu (dhoti), it’s called a kasavu mundu. The origin of the kasavu saree can be traced back to various centuries where women would wear a two-piece cloth called ‘settu mundu’, more popularly known as ‘mundum neriyathum’. The technique of producing the superfine fabric spread from them to the local weavers in Balaramapuram and the surrounding places of the Thiruvananthapuram district. A lot of old ladies still keep this style alive. The Kasavu saree is a modern version and is characterised by a thick golden border, which is woven with threads of real gold. However, keeping up with the times, it has diversified to include colours and artificial thread. 

3.   Kanjeevaram from Tamil Nadu:-

Legends have it that Kanchi weavers were descendants of a great sage, Markanda, the master weaver of Gods who is supposed to have woven tissue from lotus fiber. While cotton is considered to be the favorite fabric of Lord Shiva, silk was preferred by Lord Vishnu.The Kancheevaram weavers are in this profession by tradition. Kanjeevaram silk saree is a magnificent creation of the craftsmen living in a small town, Kanchi (Kanchipuram) close to Chennai in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.Kanjeevaram saree remains a must-have in every south Indian woman’s trousseau and wardrobe. The queen of sarees, Kanjeevaram sarees are made from a traditionally woven silk from the region of Kanjeevaram. The sarees are rich in colour and texture. They are elegant, refined and graceful, all in one drape. 

 

4.   Bomkai from Odisha:-

Bomkai sari, also known as Sonepuri sari is uniquely woven sari which hails from the western part of Odisha. The original and traditional weaving of this sari was made in low-count cotton yarn which is usually, coarse, heavy and dyed in intense colours. The Bomkai sari is available in cotton, and silk fabrics. Bomkai cotton saris are mostly accepted for habitual wear and the silk sari is put on ceremonies and sacred occasions. Also known as the Sonepuri silk, Bomkai saree is a piece of art with ikat, embroidery and intricate thread work, all woven into one beautiful nine-yard wonder. They are available in silk and cotton, and make for a good festive wear. 

5.   Sambalpuri from Odisha:-

Sambalpuri saree (locally known as Sambalpuri sadhi) is a traditional handwoven ikat where the warp and the weft are tie-dyed before weaving. The distinct style is known as ‘Bandhakala’. Sambalpuri sarees are marked for their traditional motifs like shankha (shell), chakra (wheel), and phula (flower), which bear religious symbolism related to Lord Jagannath of Puri. Besides, the other motifs that are used in these sarees reflect the rich heritage of Odisha. Sambalpuri sarees are available in cotton and silk. ambhalpuri sarees are available in wide varieties like Sonepuri, Pasapali, Bomkai, Barpali, and Bapta. They are mostly named after their places of origin.

6.   Paithani from Maharashtra:-

 Paithani dates back to the Satvahana Dynasty that ruled between the                        second century BC and the second century AD. The fine silk handloom sarees get their name from the town in which they originated ie Paithan in Aurangabad, Maharashtra and truly flourished during the era of the Mughals, particularly during the rule of Aurangzeb. He was known to punish Jamdani weavers in order to encourage Paithani and also introduced various novelties in the appearance of the traditional Paithani. The Paithani saree is a specialty of Aurangabad. The handwoven silk saree is grand and elegant. Its zari border, fine motifs and the recurrent peacock design is what sets this saree apart. 

7.   Bandhani from Gujarat:-

It is a type of tie-dye textile decorated by plucking the cloth with the fingernails into many tiny bindings that form a figurative design.The term bandhani is derived from the Sanskrit verbal root bandh (“to bind, to tie”). Today most Bandhani making centers are situated in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Sindh, Punjab region and in Tamil Nadu where it’s known as Sungudi. The art of Bandhana is a highly skilled process. The main colours used in Bandhana are natural. As Bandhani is a tie and dye process, dying is done by hand and hence best colours and combinations are possible in Bandhanis.

8.   Muga from Assam :-

As famous as its picturesque tea plantations is Assam’s Muga silk. The gorgeous fabric, known for its extreme durability and natural yellowish-golden tint, was once reserved only for royalty. In fact, it is often compared to being as expensive as buying gold. Over the years, the silk has only managed to gain more popularity, with the Muga silk now becoming a coveted item for wedding and traditional wear. The Muga silk sarees from Assam are made by a special kind of silk produced by a larvae that feeds on mainly two special leaves. The resulting silk from this larvae is known to be the best. It is glossy and very durable. As a matter of fact, you can find the golden threads of the Muga only in Assam.

9.   Banarasi from Varanasi:-

A Banarasi sari is a sari made in Varanasi, an ancient city which is also called Benares (Banaras). The saris are among the finest saris in India and are known for their gold and silver brocade or Zari, fine silk and opulent embroidery. Banarasi sarees are known for their gold and silver zari designs and motifs. It was originally woven for royalty only, as each saree was made with real gold and silver threads. The detailing was so intricate that back then, they used to take more than a year to finish weaving one saree. But now, there is a variety to choose from.

10.                   Chanderi from Madhya Pradesh:-

The textile that has stolen millions of hearts around the world originates in a small town at the very heart of the country. The town of Chanderi in Ashok Nagar District of Madhya Pradesh is known for its historical importance as well as the world famous hand woven Chanderi sarees. Silk, zari and cotton are woven together to make a fabric that is lighter than a feather, has a royal sheen and is gorgeous looking. It's one of the best fabrics there is and it's very easy to wear. If you're a fussy saree person, then this will keep your woes away.

11.                   Pochampally from Telangana:-

Pochampally sari or Pochampalli ikat is a saree made in Bhoodan PochampallyYadadri Bhuvanagiri districtTelangana StateIndia. They have traditional geometric patterns in Ikat style of dyeing. The intricate geometric designs find their way into sarees and dress materials. The Indian government's official airplane company, Air India, has its cabin crew wear specially designed Pochampally silk sarees. From the town of Boodhan in Andhra Pradesh, hails the famous Pochampally silk. These sarees have intricate motifs, geometric ikat designs and are made of the perfect combination of silk and cotton. These sarees are just too royal and to die for. 

12.                   Konrad from Tamil Nadu:-

Popularly known as the temple saree, Konrad sarees were originally woven for the temple deities. The saree fabric usually has either stripes or checks and a wide border. With motifs of animals and natural elements, the border is what make this saree so special. 'Koorai' saree or the கூறை புடவை is the Saree worn by Tamil women during their wedding ceremony. The solemnization/muhurtham of Hindu weddings in the earlier days, saw brides resplendent in colourful chequered sarees from Koorainadu. This was until the silks from Kanchipuram found global craze. In a matter of decades, the marketing and strategic location of Kanchipuram sounded the death knell of Koorainadu. Brides shifted to pattu (silk) from the temple town of Kanchi than choose the humble Koorainadu.

13.                   Leheriya from Rajasthan:-

Leheria (or leheriya) is a traditional style of tie dye practiced in Rajasthan, India that results in brightly colored cloth with distinctive patterns. The technique gets its name from the Rajasthani word for wave because the dyeing technique is often used to produce complex wave patterns. Leheriya is just another form of Bandhani, but follows a different technique of tie and dye. The difference is in the way the cloth is tied while it is going through the dyeing process.

14.                   Phulkari from Punjab:-

A piece of Khadi, a needle, a soft silky-floss thread, is all that is required to create Magic, a garden of flowers that you can wear! Meet Phulkari, the traditional embroidery of Punjab. Phulkari, literally means ‘flower work’. The designs resemble patterned garden on various Odhanis, Shawls, Kurtis and Chunris. The ensemble of expressive geometrical designs and a montage of colors embodied in the Khadi fabric with patience and precision are inspiring. Phulkari, like many other Indian art forms is unique and exquisite. We have an obligation as citizens of this great nation to support the art and people behind it. Phulkari literally translates to 'flower work' and that is exactly what it is. Thread work in bright hues in the shape of flowers.

15.                   Chikankari from Lucknow:-

If you ever set foot on the soil of Lucknow, you'll know that Chikankari is something that is exclusive to this town. Traditionally done on a muslin cloth, it is now available on almost all kinds of fabrics. Make sure to get your hands on this one!

 

These are some types of saree to be known by every Indian people to known the choice ,style and beauty of all types of regional sarees.

 

 

By:-Amruta Satapathy

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