Different Indian art forms that need to be preserved



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anoushka23sh

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India has always been known for its rich and diverse culture and heritage that have survived generations. This includes the different folk arts of India that originated from regions in different eras. Here's a look if a few famous folk art forms that need to preserved for the further generation:


Madhubani-

This art form is also called Mithila art, it originated in Mithila in Nepal and in present-day Bihar in the Kingdom of Janak (Sita’s father in Ramayana). These paintings were mostly made by women who wanted to preach or devote to their God. Madhubani art too takes inspiration from nature and Hindu religious motifs, and the themes generally revolve around Hindu deities like Krishna, Rama, Shiva, Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswati leaving no empty spaces which filled by Tulsi or other religious plants, bird, animals, flowers and even geometric patterns. The bright colours used were mostly obtained from natural sources like plants and charcoal soot for their colour.


Miniature Paintings-

These paintings are characterised by it's miniature size but intricate details and acute expressions.This art form originated in the Mughal Era around' 16th century. Miniature paintings were influenced by Persian styles, and flourished under Shah Jahan and Akbar’s rule. Later, it was adopted by Rajputs, and is now popularly practiced in Rajasthan. These paintings stand out as humans are portrayed with large eyes, a pointed nose and a slim waist, and men are always seen with a turban.The painting was done by using natural stone colors, mineral colors, precious stones, conch shells, gold and silver.


Phad-

It originated in Rajasthan, and was mainly a religious form of scroll painting depicting folk deities Pabuji or Devnarayan. A 30- or 15 feet-long canvas or cloth that was painted with vegetable colours and a running narrative of the lives and heroic deeds of deities, battlefields, adventure stories, legendary romances and the richness of the Indian princely states. 


Rajput painting-

Rajput painting, also popularly known as Rajasthani paintings is a style of painting that flourished in the royal courts of Rajputana in India. While the most preferred medium of Rajput painting was miniatures in manuscripts or single sheets, a number of paintings adorned the walls of palaces, forts, havelis, especially the havelis built by Shekhawat Rajputs. Though each Rajput kingdom introduced its distinct style, themes borrowed from the Epic Ramayana remained constant. In the late 16th century, these paintings developed distinctive styles by combining indigenous as well as foreign influences such as Persian, Mughal, Chinese and European. The colours used were extracted from minerals, plants, conch shells, precious stones and even gold and silver. 


Warli painting-

This art form practised by Warli tribes from the mountains and coastal regions in and around the borders of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Warli paintings originated around 3000 BC. Traditional Warli paintings used white paint on ochre mud walls. The white paint was derived from natural materials like rice paste, water and gum. The paintings are made using a bamboo twig that had been chewed on. This tribal art is characterised by intricate geometric patterns of flowers, wedding rituals, hunting scenes and other everyday activities. 


Apart from these paintings and folk arts there hundreds of more art forms that needs to be appreciated as well as promoted. Some of them may include- Tanjore Painting, Pattachitra Painting, Mughal Painting, Kalamkari Painting, Gond Painting, and many more.



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